Capybara Pet Facts and Care Instructions(2023)

Capybara Pet

Species Overview


SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris

ADULT SIZE: 3 to 4 feet tall, weighing up to 170 pounds

LIFESPAN: 8 to 12 years in captivity

Can You Keep a Capybara As a Pet?

Are you considering a Capybara pet? These fascinating creatures have gained popularity as exotic pets due to their adorable appearance and gentle nature. Native to South America, Capybaras are the largest rodents in the world and can make wonderful companions for the right owners.


Depending on where you reside, owning a capybara may be unlawful. A permit or a health certificate may be required in some areas. Capybaras, for example, are prohibited as pets in California and Georgia. They are nevertheless legal in Texas, Pennsylvania, and New York. Even if a state permits it, certain municipalities may not. In New York City’s five boroughs, capybaras are illegal pets. Before you buy one, check with your municipal government or humane society to see if it is allowed to possess a capybara in your area.


Owning a capybara or two is an expensive and time-consuming endeavor. These are massive beasts, weighing in at almost 170 pounds apiece when multiplied by two. Capybaras require the type of habitat provided by professional zoos.

Things to Think About

Capybaras are enormous, costly pets that require a lot of living space, including aquatic space. They are sociable creatures who thrive in groups, so you’d need to buy and keep a pair of them, either two females or a male and a female; two males, even if neutered, may be violent against one another. A capybara is not for you unless you can carve out this type of living scenario.

Capybara Pet Care

Capybaras are the largest rodents in the world, and they make fascinating and unique pets. However, they are not for everyone. Capybaras require a lot of space, specialized care, and a commitment from their owners. If you are worried about how to care for a capybara? Here are guide about taking care of a capybara.

Providing a Safe Environment

It is critical to provide a safe and secure environment while keeping a capybara as a pet. Because capybaras are huge rodents, they require plenty of space to wander and explore. A capybara cage should be well-fenced, escape-proof, and devoid of any potential risks or harmful plants. Consider providing your capybara with both indoor and outdoor locations to enjoy.

Socialization and Bonding

Capybaras are highly gregarious creatures who flourish in their own company. It is advised that at least two capybaras be kept together since they require company for emotional well-being. Spending quality time with your capybara and allowing them to interact socially can build your relationship and assure their pleasure.

Veterinary Care and Health Considerations

It is critical to keep your capybara healthy. Regular veterinarian examinations, immunizations, and parasite prevention treatments are required. Because capybaras are prone to certain diseases, it is essential to be aware of the potential health hazards and to seek expert guidance as soon as possible if any concerns develop.

Exercise and Enrichment

Capybaras are energetic creatures who need a lot of exercise. Their wellbeing depends on offering them opportunities for both mental and physical exercise. Set aside a safe space where your capybara may play, run, and explore. To keep them occupied and entertained, provide a variety of toys, tunnels, and environmental enrichment.

Capybara pet Diet

Capybaras are herbivores and the world’s biggest rodents. Their food includes grasses, aquatic plants, bark, fruits, and vegetables. Capybaras need to eat a lot to be healthy, and they may ingest up to 8 pounds of food every day.

Here is a more detailed list of the foods that capybaras eat:

  • Grasses: Capybaras are grazers, and they eat a variety of grasses, including Bermuda grass, switchgrass, and sedges.
  • Aquatic plants: Capybaras also eat a variety of aquatic plants, including water hyacinths, reeds, and cattails.
  • Bark: Capybaras will sometimes eat the bark of trees, especially during the dry season when other food sources are scarce.
  • Fruits: Capybaras will occasionally eat fruits, such as bananas, melons, and squashes.
  • Vegetables: Capybaras will also eat vegetables, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, and lettuce.

Capybaras have a four-chambered stomach that aids in digestion. The first chamber is known as the rumen, and it is where microbes break down food. The second chamber is known as the reticulum, and it is where the food is processed further. The third chamber, known as the omasum, is where water from the meal is absorbed. The fourth chamber, known as the abomasum, is where food is fully digested and absorbed.

Capybaras are not fussy eaters, and they will eat a variety of foods in order to get the nutrients they need. However, they cannot digest sugar, so they should only be given fruit or vegetables in moderation.

Here are some additional facts about capybaras’ diets:

  • Capybaras need to eat a lot in order to maintain their body weight. An adult capybara can eat up to 8 pounds of food per day.
  • Capybaras have a four-chambered stomach that helps them digest their food.
  • Capybaras cannot digest sugar, so they should only be given fruit or vegetables in moderation.

Capybara pet Habitat

Indoor and Outdoor Living Spaces

To suit their demands, capybaras require both indoor and outdoor dwelling places. Indoor places should provide enough space for them to roam about comfortably as well as hiding spots for seclusion. Outdoor enclosures should have a sturdy fence, access to shade, and shelter from inclement weather.

Temperature and Humidity Requirements

To ensure the well-being of capybara pet and create suitable living conditions for them, the following guidelines should be followed:

  1. Temperature range:
    • Maintain a temperature between 70 and 85°F (21 and 29°C) in the capybaras’ living area.
    • Avoid temperature extremes that fall below 70°F (21°C) or exceed 85°F (29°C).
  2. Humidity levels:
    • Maintain humidity levels between 50% and 70% in the capybaras’ habitat.
    • Avoid excessive humidity that falls below 50% or exceeds 70%.
  3. Ventilation:
    • Ensure proper ventilation within the capybaras’ living space.
    • Adequate air circulation helps prevent significant humidity accumulation.
    • Install suitable ventilation systems, such as fans or air vents, to maintain optimal conditions.

Water Source and Pool Access

Capybara pets are semiaquatic animals and enjoy spending time in water. Provide a large, shallow pool or pond where they can swim, as this is essential for their well-being. Ensure the water is clean and the pool has an easy entry and exit point for your capybara’s safety.

Creating a Comfortable Shelter

Capybara pets require a sheltered area to rest and seek refuge from inclement weather. Provide a cozy shelter within their enclosure that protects them from direct sunlight, rain, or cold drafts. Bed the shelter with comfortable bedding material, such as straw or soft blankets.

Capybara Grooming

Capybaras are the world’s largest rodents, and they require regular grooming to keep their fur clean and prevent skin irritation. They groom themselves using their front teeth, but they also appreciate help from humans. Here are some tips for grooming a capybara:

  • Use a soft-bristled brush. A natural-bristled brush is best, as it will be gentle on the capybara’s skin.
  • Start at the head and work your way down the body. Be sure to brush all the way to the tips of the fur.
  • Pay attention to any areas that are matted or dirty. You may need to use a comb to gently work out the mats.
  • Bathe the capybara as needed. Capybaras do not need to be bathed often, but they may need a bath if they get dirty or if they have skin problems.
  • Avoid using harsh chemicals or soaps. These can irritate the capybara’s skin.
  • Make grooming a positive experience. Talk to the capybara in a soothing voice and offer them treats while you groom them.

Here are some additional tips for grooming a capybara:

  • Groom your capybara in a quiet place where they feel safe.
  • Start grooming your capybara at a young age so they get used to it.
  • Be patient and gentle. 

If your capybara gets upset, stop grooming and try again later. With regular grooming, your capybara will have clean, healthy fur and skin. They will also appreciate the bonding experience of being groomed by you.

Capybara Training

Training your capybara can be a fun and rewarding experience. It can help to strengthen your bond with your pet, and it can also teach them important skills that will make them easier to care for.


Here are a few tips for training your capybara pet:

  • Start training when your capybara is young. They are more receptive to learning at a young age.
  • Use positive reinforcement. Reward your capybara with treats or praise when they do something correctly.
  • Be patient and consistent. Training takes time and patience. Don’t get discouraged if your capybara doesn’t learn a trick right away.
  • Make training fun. If your capybara is having fun, they are more likely to be motivated to learn.


There are many benefits to training your capybara. Here are a few of the most important benefits:

  • Increased bonding. Training your capybara can help strengthen your bond with your pet. When you work together to learn new things, it creates a sense of trust and companionship.
  • Easier to care for. A well-trained capybara is easier to care for. They will be less likely to exhibit destructive behaviors, and they will be more likely to listen to your commands.
  • More fun to have around. A trained capybara is more fun to have around. They can learn to do tricks, and they can be more interactive with you and your family.

If you are thinking about training your capybara, I encourage you to do so. It is a rewarding experience that can benefit both you and your pet.

Here are some additional benefits to training your capybara:

  • It can help reduce stress levels for both you and your pet.
  • It can help improve your capybara’s obedience.
  • It can help prevent unwanted behaviors, such as biting or chewing.
  • It can help keep your capybara mentally stimulated.


Capybaras make unique and fascinating pets for those willing to provide them with proper care and attention. By following the guidelines outlined in this article, you can ensure a happy and healthy life for your capybara companion. Remember to create a safe environment, provide a balanced diet, offer suitable habitats, and engage in regular grooming practices. The bond you form with your capybara will undoubtedly bring joy and companionship for years to come.


1. How to take care of a capybara?

  1. Big, safe enclosure with water.
  2. Feed hay, veggies, pellets.
  3. Clean regularly.
  4. Stay social.
  5. Vet check-ups.
  6. Provide toys.
  7. Watch for illness.
  8. Protect from weather.
  9. No unsupervised contact with other pets.

2. Do capybara make good pets?

Capybaras do not make good pets because they have specific needs and require a lot of space and social interaction, making them unsuitable for most households. Additionally, in many places, it may be illegal to keep them as pets due to their status as wild animals.

3. How long do capybaras live in captivity?

Capybaras can live up to 10–12 years in captivity with proper care and a suitable environment.

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